Categories: CA Program Security

Root Store Policy Updated

After several months of discussion on the mailing list, our Root Store Policy governing Certification Authorities (CAs) that are trusted in Mozilla products has been updated. Version 2.6 has an effective date of July 1st, 2018.

More than one dozen issues were addressed in this update, including the following changes:

  • Section 2.2 “Validation Practices” now requires CAs with the email trust bit to clearly disclose their email address validation methods in their CP/CPS.
  • The use of IP Address validation methods defined by the CA has been banned in certain circumstances.
  • Methods used for IP Address validation must now be clearly specified in the CA’s CP/CPS.
  • Section 3.1 “Audits” increases the WebTrust EV minimum version to 1.6.0 and removes ETSI TS 102 042 and 101 456 from the list of acceptable audit schemes in favor of EN 319 411.
  • Section 3.1.4 “Public Audit Information” formalizes the requirement for an English language version of the audit statement supplied by the Auditor.
  • Section 5.2 “Forbidden and Required Practices” moves the existing ban on CA key pair generation for SSL certificates into our policy.
  • After January 1, 2019, CAs will be required to create separate intermediate certificates for issuing SSL and S/MIME certificates. Newly issued Intermediate certificates will need to be restricted with an EKU extension that doesn’t contain anyExtendedKeyUsage, or both serverAuth and emailProtection. Intermediate certificates issued prior to 2019 that do not comply with this requirement may continue to be used to issue new end-entity certificates.
  • Section 5.3.2 “Publicly Disclosed and Audited” clarifies that Mozilla expects newly issued intermediate certificates to be included on the CA’s next periodic audit report. As long as the CA has current audits, no special audit is required when issuing a new intermediate. This matches the requirements in the CA/Browser Forum’s Baseline Requirements (BR) section 8.1.
  • Section 7.1 “Inclusions” adds a requirement that roots being added to Mozilla’s program must have complied with Mozilla’s Root Store Policy from the time that they were created. This effectively means that roots in existence prior to 2014 that did not receive BR audits after 2013 are not eligible for inclusion in Mozilla’s program. Roots with documented BR violations may also be excluded from Mozilla’s root store under this policy.
  • Section 8 “CA Operational Changes” now requires notification when an intermediate CA certificate is transferred to a third party.

A comparison of all the policy changes is available here.