In the last few days, there have been several reports (including one via SANS) of a bug in Firefox related to handling of certain very long Unicode strings. While these strings can result in crashes of some versions of Firefox, the reports by press and various security agencies have incorrectly indicated that this is an exploitable bug. Our analysis indicates that it is not, and we have seen no example of exploitability.
On Windows, Firefox 3.0.x and Firefox 3.5.x are terminated due to an uncaught exception during an attempt to allocate a very large string buffer; this termination is safe and immediate, and does not permit the execution of attacker code.
On the Macintosh in Firefox 3.0.x and 3.5.x, a crash occurs inside the ATSUI system library (part of OS X), due to what appears to be a failure to check allocation results. This issue is likely to affect any application using the recommended text-handling libraries on OS X. We have reported this issue to Apple, but in the event that they do not provide a fix we will look to implement mitigations in Mozilla code. We recommend that other developers who use these libraries consider a similar practice, and we have added mitigations in the past for similar bugs in these libraries.
On Linux, the problem is similar to that on Mac: there is an abort in system libraries (pango, glib, libc). Due to the wide variation of Linux libraries and versions deployed, and different compilation options chosen by Linux distributors for Firefox, the details of the crash report may vary between machines.
As a result of our analysis, we do not believe that this represents an exploitable vulnerability in Firefox. Further, we believe that the IBM report is in error, and that the severity rating in the National Vulnerability Database report is incorrect. We have contacted them and hope to resolve the inaccuracies shortly.
[Updated (July 19, 8:50pm EDT): thanks to Larry Seltzer for bringing to our attention that Firefox 3.5.x will indeed still crash using the provided PoC on Windows, at least for some users.]
[Updated (July 20, 8:50am EDT): the SecurityFocus report has been updated to indicate that it is only a denial of service issue. This is consistent with our analysis; thanks to SecurityFocus for correcting their error.]
[Updated (July 20, 9:15am EDT): added results for Linux, thanks to Kevin Brosnan.]
VP Engineering, Mozilla Corporation