Categories: privacy

What data protection should look like in India

Mozilla recently filed comments with the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) in response to their consultation paper “Privacy, Security, and Ownership of Data in the Telecom Sector.” In our filing, we argued that adopting a strong data protection framework should be a national policy priority for India, and outlined what we think such a law should look like.

This consultation comes at an auspicious time. In response to several lawsuits and a national debate over the Aadhaar, India’s national biometric identity database, the Supreme Court of India ruled unequivocally that privacy is a fundamental right guaranteed by the Indian Constitution. It is now incumbent upon the government to enact a law protecting this right, even as litigation around the Aadhaar continues. The TRAI consultation is one of several parallel processes to help shape the country’s first comprehensive data protection law; others include the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology Committee of Experts (the Srikrishna Committee), efforts by the Indian Parliament, as well as the Prime Minister’s Office.

At a time when the Government of India is making authentication through Aadhaar mandatory for an increasingly large number of services, and Aadhaar is being integrated by private companies for everything from signing for FedEx deliveries to being printed on Jet Airways boarding passes, the need for meaningful user privacy protections has never been greater.

The thorough and thoughtful TRAI consultation paper asked several important questions, including: what should be the definition of personal data? How can users be empowered with choice and control? When should consent from users be obtained? What should be the responsibilities of data controllers? What should enforcement look like? What measures should be considered in order to strengthen and preserve the safety and security of telecommunications infrastructure and the digital ecosystem as a whole? And many more.

While you can read our answers in full in our comment, Mozilla’s work in this area is guided first and foremost by the Mozilla Manifesto, which states: “Individual security and privacy is fundamental and must not be treated as optional online” (Principle 4). Our commitment to this principle can be seen both in the open source code of our products as well as in our policies such as Mozilla’s Data Privacy Principles:

  1. No surprises

Use and share information in a way that is transparent and benefits the user.

  1. User Control

Develop products and advocate for best practices that put users in control of their data and online experiences.

  1. Limited data

Collect what we need, de-identify where we can and delete when no longer necessary.

  1. Sensible settings

Design for a thoughtful balance of safety and user experience.

  1. Defense in depth

Maintain multi-layered security controls and practices, many of which are publicly verifiable.

Given this strong commitment to user security and privacy, we look forward to working with TRAI and other Indian stakeholders as work to develop India’s first comprehensive data protection law progresses.

One comment on “What data protection should look like in India”

  1. Maaz Kalim wrote on

    Where do you keep your fact-check in international matters, guys?? Yes, the SCOI did rule-out initially the “Privacy is a Fundamental Right” guaranteed under the Constitution but then budged from its stance saying “it ain’t absolute” [vide interim-rulings in cases against enforcement of UID India].